Feed is more than a supply of nutrients. It is also inextricably linked to disease avoidance and health maintenance. Feed is an enormous collection of different molecules which can be classified into two major groups; nutrients and nutricines. Nutrients are the generally recognised components of feed such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals and vitamins.
Nutricines are components of feeds that exert an influence upon health and nutrition, yet are not direct nutrients. Important nutricines are antioxidants, antimicrobial compounds, non-digestible oligosaccharides, enzymes, emulsifiers, flavours and colours. Nutricines are those components of feed that link health and nutrition. Consideration of both nutrients and nutricines in feeds leads to the concept of Total Nutrition where feeds must be designed to supply nutrients, to avoid diseases and to maintain health.
Knowledge Base Reference: ‘The Role of Nutricines in Health and Total Nutrition’
The following nutracines are used in all the feeds and supplements manufactured by GWF Nutrition.
Actisaf Sc47 Live Yeast
Actisaf Sc47 is an EU approved live yeast culture that helps stabilise conditions in the hindgut and maintain high levels of microbial fermentation activity to improve overall fibre digestion.
Vitamin C, vitamin E and Selenium. Three important antioxidants that work together in the metabolism to ‘mop up’ free radicals.
Bio Available Trace Minerals
Bio-available trace minerals are essential minerals, provided in a digestible form to supply the needs of productive animals. Trials with high levels of available zinc have shown very positive results with fibre quality. Selenium yeast has also been proven to be more available and twenty times less toxic than inorganic selenium, which is very beneficial to health.
Biotin – Biotin is essential for the integrity of hoof and hair and the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It is also important for the maintenance of normal blood glucose levels and the microbial production of the volatile fatty acid, proprionic acid, that helps to maintain condition in horses and ponies.
Biotin (Hoof Specific)
Biotin has been shown by extensive trial work to aid the hardening of hoof horn and so prevent cracking. It is an essential requirement for keratin production in the hoof, laminae and the coronary band and is critical to maintain overall hoof integrity and condition.
Calcium is essential as a major constituent of bones and required for muscle contractions (all movement), cell membrane function and enzyme regulation.
Chelated minerals provide bio-available forms of essential vitamins: copper, manganese and zinc, which are required by important metabolic processes in the young developing cria.
Chondroitin is essential for the resilience and natural regeneration of cartilage. It maintains normal enzymatic activity and water holding capacity to provide healthy resistance to compression.
Collagen possesses great tensile strength and provides the framework that gives tissues their firmness and resilience. It is essential for connecting and supporting the bones, tendons, muscles and cartilage.
Collagen Matrix (X-Lam Aid for Horses Specific)
Collagen is the body’s natural glue that is crucial for all connective tissue, including the base membrane of the hoof. Collagen is essential for the integrity of tendons and ligaments and particularly the anchoring points where they are attached to structures like bones and hooves.
Concentrated Yeast Derived Oligosaccharides
Oligosaccharides provide a feed source for beneficial bacteria and support the natural expulsion of antagonists found in feed and the environment.
Copper is an essential component of enzymes involved in the production of elastin which gives elasticity to blood vessels so improving blood flow and enzymes that mobilize iron for red blood cells. Copper is also needed for the production of collagen in the body, which provides the framework for muscles, organs and connective tissues also helps maintain the mitochondria (the batteries of the cells).
Copper, Manganese & Vitamin C
All three are essential to maintaining the growth of tendons and ligaments, the formation of cartilage and the elasticity of connective tissue. It is very important for the working horse to maintain its freedom of movement and suppleness when in motion.
A complex structure like the hoof of the equine and the pressures it endures will include substantial supportive networks of tissues, as a basis for hoof integrity.
Curcumin is the active ingredient of the spice, turmeric. It is a natural and powerful antioxidant and supports the normal anti-inflammatory action of the body.
Digestible Milk Proteins
Sources of readily digestible milk proteins that provide key amino acids for supporting the growth of all tissues with high protein contents, namely: muscles, ligaments, tendons, hair and hooves.
Galactolipid Natural Emulsifiers (Oatinol)
Galactolipids are a combination of sugar and fat molecules that create the perfect medium for the absorption of active ingredients across the gut wall.
Glucosamine gives cartilage its structure and shock absorbing qualities. It is essential for the regeneration of cartilage and is also involved in the formation of tendons, skin, bone and ligaments.
Glutamic Acid is a natural flavour enhancer and an important nutritional support for natural healing and gut health during times of stress.
Hemp Oil Derived Omega 3 Fatty Acids
Hemp Oil is probably the best source of Omega 3 fatty acids found in the plant world. This unique combination enables the animal to produce other essential Omega 3 fats called EPA & DHA, both of which are normally only found in fish oils and are crucial for maintaining the natural anti-inflammatory action of the body.
Magnesium is essential for muscle energy generation, the bone structure and as an activator for many enzymes.
Manganese is essential for the production of chondroitin sulphate and its positive effect on connective tissues, like cartilage, which aids healthy movement. Manganese is also important for the utilisation of fats and carbohydrates for energy.
Microscopic Toxin Binder
A blend of microscopic absorbent compounds that aid the natural expulsion of antagonists found in feed and the environment.
MSM is a source of sulphur, which helps to form cross links with other molecules that maintain the strength and integrity of connective tissues. It is also essential for the manufacture of collagen.
Nanotechnology Components and Simple Sugars ‘Oligosaccharides’
Oligosaccharides are used to support the immune system by maintaining naturally high levels of macrophage activity to block harmful organisms being absorbed into the bloodstream. In conjunction with a natural, high quality forage diet the exposure to unnatural moulds and fungi will be reduced and if a problem, the active self-defence mechanism will deal with them.
Natural Buffering Material
Natural buffering material helps support stable, beneficial digestion in the hindgut by providing a neutral environment for friendly bacteria that can be susceptible to acidic conditions. The pH in the digestive tract can be lowered by sugar overload, so restricting grass and providing natural acid buffering, aids micro flora and gut wall integrity.
Natural Buffering Material and Yeast Cultures
Natural buffering material and yeast cultures help to stabilise the pH in the foregut and encourage the development of beneficial fibre digesting bacteria. This is important when feeding cereal based feeds as starch is converted into lactic acid, which can increase acidity and create an unfavourable environment for the fibre digesting bacteria.
Natural Tocotrienol Antioxidants (Oatinol)
Tocotrienol antioxidants are a natural form of vitamin E. They are 40-60 times more readily available than other forms of vitamin E and help to maintain the integrity of the cells forming the lining of the gut to aid absorption.
Cell division is the basis of growth and development and involves the splitting of RNA and DNA. Nucleotides provide essential structured units for the production of RNA and DNA in cells and are very important to sustain normal healthy development.
Oat Bran Concentrated Soluble Fibres
Soluble fibres contain betaglucans that support natural self-defence mechanisms in the bloodstream.
Oat Derived Beta Glucans (Oatinol)
Beta Glucans have prebiotic properties that support beneficial bacteria in the gut to promote healthy absorption
Oligosaccharides from yeast cell wall and concentrated oat bran sources that help support the natural expulsion of antagonists in the digestive tract and maintain a high level of natural immunity.
Omega 3 Fatty Acids
Omega 3 fatty acids provide a daily source of essential fat components. Omega 3 is widely recognised to be an anti-inflammatory and balances the pro-inflammatory Omega 6 in the correct ratio. Omega 3’s are also found in large concentrations in spermatozoa and are essential for maintaining cell wall integrity and preventing moisture/oil loss from the skin. Healthy skin means high quality fibre production.
Phospholipids have emulsifying properties and have been shown to actively influence nutrient digestibility and absorption.
Piperine Black Pepper Extract
Piperine Black Pepper Extract is a natural nutritional addition that helps to maintain the absorption of poorly retained active nutraceuticals, i.e. curcumin.
Version 1: Prebiotics
Prebiotics provide specific nourishment for friendly, fibre digesting bacteria to maintain good digestion and release of nutrients for growth, breeding and performance.
Version 2: Prebiotics – 3 Types
Prebiotics are non digestible sugars (oligosaccharides) that support digestive health by providing specific nourishment for beneficial bacteria, in the gastro-intestinal tract.
Sodium is essential for the movement of all nerve impulses throughout the body. It is also important as an electrolyte for the passage of fluids across membranes and the osmotic pressures involved in these processes.
Chloride is an important component for the production of bile needed for the digestion of fats and oils and also the production of hydrochloric acid for gastric digestive processes. In combination with sodium it is also involved in the regulation of bodily fluids in and out of cells.
Selenium is an important antioxidant that works synergistically with vitamin E by being an essential component of the enzyme that changes the antagonists that can cause oxidative tissue damage to harmless substances.
Vitamin A is essential for healthy eyesight, a strong bone structure, good fertility and an active immune system. A daily intake of Vitamin A is crucial for life. Horses and ponies cannot exist without it.
Vitamin B Complex
B vitamins are essential for maintaining normal, healthy blood flow to all areas of the body, including the mucosal lining of the gut wall and the extremities of the hooves. Blood flow is essential for the supply of active ingredients to maintain normal gut barrier defences and hoof integrity.
Vitamin C is essential for the production of collagen in the body that forms the matrix of connective tissues in mammals. It directly affects the level of tissue growth, development or repair after injury so is crucial for healing and the body’s immune system.
Vitamin D is essential for bone development by improving the uptake of calcium and phosphorus from feeding stuffs. Vitamin D is also important for the immune system, fertility and the release of insulin in the presence of glucose.
Vit. D3, Phosphorus, Calcium & Yeast Cultures
Contains high levels of vitamin D3, available phosphorus and calcium in a very palatable form. All three are crucial for healthy skeletal development and additional yeast cultures are added to significantly improve the digestibility of phosphorus from normal feed.
Vitamin D3, Phosphorus, Calcium, Magnesium and Yeast Cultures
Contains high levels of vitamin D3, available phosphorus, calcium and magnesium in a very palatable form. These are crucial for healthy skeletal development and additional yeast cultures are added to significantly improve the digestibility of phosphorus from normal feed.
Vitamin D3 & High Quality Protein
Used as part of the digestion process, vitamin D binding protein is transferred into the immune system and contributes to the natural response of the body to the presence of antagonists.
Vitamin E is a biological antioxidant, vitamin E protects the membranes of every cell wall in the body and thus is essential for the health of reproductive, muscular, circulatory, nervous systems and immune functions in the metabolism.
Zinc is an essential component for the production of the enzymes responsible for insulin production, blood clotting, healing and hoof health.
Zinc (Hoof Specific)
Horses with poor hoof quality have been seen to respond when extra zinc has been added to their diet. It helps to maintain keratin, which is the fibrous protein that gives the wall of the hoof its hardness. The amount of keratin found in hooves can vary and this determines how tough the wall of the hoof is.