Article List

Albumin – The Importance of Quality Protein in Animal Feed

Albumin is the main circulating protein in the body; it accounts for ~ 50% of plasma protein. It is a relatively small molecule being a single chain of 585 amino acids. It contains 35 cysteine molecules, 34 of which pair off with disulphide bonds which stabilise the shape into a globular, heart-shaped conformation...

Vitamin D in Animal Health

Vitamin D3, cholecalciferol, is hydroxylated in the liver to Calcidiol – 25(OH)D, and it is this form that is bound with D Binding Protein (DBP). The activated DBP can bind to Vitamin D Receptors (VDR), which are present in the nuclei and plasma of all cells. Binding to the genome – DNA material – is the pathway .....

Glucosamine and Chondroitin: What is it and what does it do?

There are many joint supplements on the market, for both humans and companion animals. Products designed for helping maintain the joints are probably the single most popular supplement although they are used for a variety of reasons; from easing stiffness up to “treating” osteoarthritis....

Muscle Maintenance

When striated muscle undergoes high levels of work there is physical damage. Strength conditioning results in an increase in muscle size, which is largely the result of increased contractile proteins. Muscle contraction – concentric contraction – matches muscle elongation in a paired system...

Hempseed Meal

Earlier articles have concentrated on the role of hemp oil, both as a component of the Oatinol Delivery System and its unique fatty acid profile supplying a beneficial ω-6:ω-3 ratio as well as significant quantities of stearidonic acid (C18:4 ω-3 - SDA) and ϒ-linolenic acid. These characteristics have a...

The Benefits of Hemp Oil vs Linseed Oil

There has been much written about the benefits of Omega fatty acids, in particular ω-3 and ω-6. These have been labelled anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory as well as heart healthy; they also have roles in bone metabolism and other aspects of metabolism, including immune and allergenic responses...

Omega Oils – What do they really mean?

Omega oils first appeared in the national consciousness as unsaturated fats, graduated into “heart healthy” fats, and now omega-3 or 6. But what are they? Where do they come from and how do they work?...

Vitamin D and Alpacas. Injections, Paste or Other?

Rickets has been seen as being a problem, mainly in cria, but also in older animals. It has been put down to the fact that during winter, vitamin D generation is reduced in temperate parts of the world because of lower intensity light and shorter days than would be experienced in native...

The Impact of Starch & Sugar on Equine Diets

Not so long ago, feeding starch was seen to be perfectly acceptable, especially in the form of oats. Over recent years the “expert” opinion is that starch and sugar is not to be fed and fibre is the way to go...

The Role of Nutricines in Health & Total Nutrition

Feed is more than a supply of nutrients. It is also inextricably linked to disease avoidance and health maintenance. Feed is an enormous collection of different molecules which can be classified into two major groups; nutrients and nutricines...